Full Publication List of William Emerson Ritter


Full Publication List of William Emerson Ritter




Below is the bibliography of published work by William Emerson Ritter. With over 200 published books and articles, this is probably the most complete list available.



Ritter, W.E. (1891). The parietal eye in some lizards from the United States. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 20(8). Harvard University.



Ritter, W.E. (1892, October). Balanoglossus as one of the generalized types in zoology. Zoe, 3.

Ritter, W.E. (1892, December). Note on an abnormal polygordius larva. American Naturalist, 26.



Ritter, W.E. (1893). Any considerable improvement in science-teaching in the secondary schools must come through improvement in higher scientific work and teaching. Proceedings California Teacher’s Association, 130.

Ritter, W.E. (1893, April). On the eyes, the integumentary sense papillae, and the integument of the San Diego blind fish. Bulletin Museum Comparative Zoology, 26(3), 51-98.

Ritter, W.E. (1893, October). Tunicata on the Pacific Coast of North America, no. 1. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 4.



Ritter, W.E.(1894). On a new Balanoglossus Larva for the Coast of California and its possession of an endostyle. Zoologische Anzeiger, 17, 24.

Ritter, W.E. (1894). On the presence of a parapineal organ in Phyrynosoma coronata. Anatomischer Anzeiger, 9.



Ritter, W.E. (1895). Some facts and reflections drawn from a study of budding in compound ascidians. Reports of the Meeting, British Association for the Advancement of Science, Section D, Ipswich, 715-718.

Ritter, W.E. (1895, January 29). On budding in Goodsiria and Perophora. Anatomischer Anzeiger, 10, 364-368.



Ritter, W.E. (1896) Budding in compound ascidians, based on Goodsiria and Perophora. Journal of Morphology, 12(1), 149-238.

Ritter, W.E. (1896). The part played by inferior animals in lifting man out of savagery. Pacific Medical Journal, 6(39).

Ritter, W.E. (1896, April). The University and the people. The University of California Magazine, 2(3).

Ritter, W.E.  (1896, May 8). The use of the Tow-Net for collecting pelagic organisms. Science, 3(71), 708-709.



Ritter, W.E. (1897, January 18). The life-history and habits of the Pacific Coast newt. Proceedings California Academy of Sciences, 1(2), 76-111.

Ritter, W.E. (1897, March). Notes on the structure and development of the type of a new family of so-called social ascidians from the coast of California. Science, 5, 434-435.

Ritter, W.E. (1897, September). Professional education in the University of California. The University of California Magazine, 3(5), 188-201.



Ritter, W.E. (1898). A few facts concerning the relationships and reproduction of some Bering Sea tunicates. Zoological Bulletin, 2(2), 77-81.

Ritter, W.E. (1898). The University, its graduates, and the state. The University of California Chronicle, 1(2).

Ritter, W.E. (1898, May). Pacific Coast annelids. Review. American Naturalist, 32(377), 358.



Ritter, W.E. (1899, September). A contribution to the life history of Autodax lugubris Hallow, a California salamander. The American Naturalist, 33(393), 691-704.

Ritter, W.E. (1899, November). Australian Tunicata. The American Naturalist, 33(395), 897-899.

Ritter, W.E. (1899). A contribution to the knowledge of the Tunicates of the Pribilof Islands. In The fur seals and Fur-Seal Islands of the North Pacific Ocean, Part 3 (pp. 511-537). Washington: Government Printing Office.

Ritter, W.E. (1899, March). Some comments on the ‘Presidential question’. The University of California Magazine, 5(2), 69-72.

Ritter, W.E. (1899, August). The Harriman Alaskan expedition. The University of California Chronicle, Volume II, 225-232.

Ritter, W.E. (1899, September). The basis and need of alumni devotion to the University. The University of California Magazine, 5(5), 224.



Ritter, W.E. (1900, January 19). Liverpool marine biological committee’s memoirs. Science, New Series, 11(264), 108-109.

Ritter, W.E. & Congdon, E.M. (1900). On the inhibition by artificial section of the normal fission plane in Stenostoma. Proceedings California Academy of Sciences, 2(6), 365.

Ritter, W.E. (1900). On the multiplication of rays in the 20-rayed star fish. Proceedings Washington Academy of Sciences, 2.

Ritter, W.E. (1900). Some ascidians from Puget Sound, collection of 1896; Zoology of Puget Sound, Columbia University contributions no.12. Annals New York Academy of Sciences, 12, 589.

Ritter, W.E. (1900, August 20). Harrimania maculosa, a new genus and species of enteropneusta from Alaska, with special regard to the character of the notochord. Proceedings Washington Academy of Sciences, 2, 111-132.

Ritter, W.E. (1900, September). The monascidians from the Bremer expedition. The American Naturalist, 35(4051), 765.

Ritter, W.E. (1900, September 14). Liverpool marine biological committee’s memoirs. Science, New Series, 12(298), 404-405.

Ritter, W.E. (1900, October 11). Harrimania maculosa. Nature, 579.

Ritter, W.E. (1900, November 15). Harrimania maculosa. Nature, 60.

Ritter, W.E. (1900, November/December). On the nature of heredity and acquired characters and the question of transmissibility of these characters. University of California Chronicle, 3(5-6), 1-24.



Ritter, W.E. (1901, January 15). Harrimania maculosa. Zoologisches Centralblatt, 8(1), 22.

Ritter, W.E. (1901, March). As to “social ascidians.” The American Naturalist, 35(41), 230-231.

Ritter, W.E. (1901, July 13). The Ascidians. Proceedings Washington Academy of Sciences, 3, 225-266.

Ritter, W.E. (1901, September). Professor Joseph LeConte as seen through his biological work. The University of California Magazine, 7(5), 218-225.

Ritter, W.E. (1901, October 11). Some observations bearing on the probable subsidence during recent geological times of the island of Santa Catalina off the coast of Southern California. Science, 14(354), 577.



Ritter, W.E. (1902, January 10). A summer’s dredging on the coast of Southern California. Science, 15(367), 55-65.

Ritter, W.E. (1902, July). A revised classification of the Enteropneusta. The American Naturalist, 36(427), 590-591.

Ritter, W.E. (1902, August 28). Tunicata. Zoologisches Centralblatt, 9(16/17).

Ritter, W.E., Hill, E.A., Whipple, G.M., Starr, M.A., Trelease, W. & Greely, A.W. (1902, November 7). The Carnegie institution. Science, 16(410), 731-739.

Ritter, W.E. (1902, November). The movements of the enteropneusta and the mechanism by which they are accomplished. Biological Bulletin, 3(6), 255-261.

Ritter, W.E. (1902). The axial skeleton of the enteropneusta considered from the functional point of view. Science, 16(400), 351.

Ritter, W.E. (1902). Marine biology and the marine laboratory at San Pedro. The University Chronicle, 5(3).

Ritter, W.E. (1902). The structure and significance of the heart of the enteropneusta. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 26(485), 1-5.



Ritter, W.E., Nutting, C.C., & Jordan, D.S. (1903, May 22). The proposed biological at the Tortugas. Science, 17(438), 823-826.

Ritter, W.E. (1903, August 1). Report as Director of the Marine Biological Laboratory at Coronado, to the Laboratory Committee of the Chamber of Commerce of San Diego. The San Diego Union.

Ritter, W.E. (1903, September 18). Preliminary report on the marine biological survey work carried on by the zoological department of the University of California at San Diego. Science, 18(455), 360-366.

Ritter, W.E. (1903, September 25). A permanent School of Biological Research at San Diego. The San Diego Union, 3.

Ritter, W.E. (1903, November). Miss Monks on the regeneration of Phataria. The American Naturalist, 37(443), 818.

Ritter, W.E. (1903, December). Further notes on the habits of Autodax Lugubris. The American Naturalist, 37(444), 883-886.

Ritter, W.E. (1903). The structure and affinities of Herdmania claviformis, the type of a new genus and family of ascidians from the coast of California. Mark Anniversary Volume, 12, 237-261.



Ritter, W.E. & Davis, B.M. (1904, February). Studies on the ecology, morphology, and speciology of the young of some enteropnuesta of Western North America. University of California Publications in Zoology, 1(5), 171-210.

Ritter, W.E. (1904, August 12). The biological survey of the waters of the Pacific coast. Science, 20(502), 214-215.

Ritter, W.E. (1904). Euherdmania vs. Herdmania preoccupied. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 27, 650.



Ritter, W.E. (1905, April 8). Transmission of effects of training of race-horses. Letter to the American Field, 308.

Ritter, W.E. (1905, May 6). Organization in scientific research. American Medicine, 718.

Ritter, W.E. (1905, May). Organization in scientific research. Popular Science, 67, 49-53.

Ritter, W.E. (1905). A general statement of the ideas and the present aims and status of the Marine Biological Association of San Diego. University of California Publications in Zoology, 2, ii-xvi.

Ritter, W.E. (1905). California as a land for the naturalist. Program of First Exhibition, Pacific Coast Forest, Fish and Game Association.

Ritter, W.E. (1905). Certain peculiarities of bird migration during winter of 1904-1905. The Condor, 7, 84.

Ritter, W.E. & Byxbee, E.S. (1905). The Pelagic Tunicata. Report on the scientific results of the expedition to the Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, in U.S. fish commission steamer ‘Albatross’ from August 1899 to March 1900. Memoirs, Museum Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, 26(5).

Ritter, W.E. (1905). The Pelagic Tunicata of the San Diego region, excepting the Larvacea. University of California Publications in Zoology, 2(3), 51-112.



Ritter, W.E. (1906, January 2). Can Redfield’s doctrine of improvement through the inheritance of the effects of training be true? The Horseman, Chicago.

Ritter, W.E. (1906, January). Octacnemus, in reports of the scientific results of the expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of A. Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commision Steamer ‘Albatross’ from October 1904 to March 1905. Bulletin Museum Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 46(3).

Ritter, W.E. (1906, May). Alder and Hancock’s British Tunicata. American Naturalist, 40(473), 379-380.

Ritter, W.E. (1906, July 28). The woman problem in Japan. The Japan Weekly Mail.

Ritter, W.E. (1906, September). The place of comparative anatomy in general biology. Congress of Arts and Sciences, Universal Exposition, 5, 325.

Ritter, W.E. (1906). Cyclosalpa retracta, a new Salpoid from the coast of Japan. Annotationes Zoologicae Japanensis, 6(1).



Ritter, W.E. (1907, May-June). Ornithology for a student of evolutionary problems. The Condor, a magazine of Western Ornithology, 9(3), 65-71.

Ritter, W.E. (1907, July). The significant results of a decade’s study of the Tunicata. The American Naturalist, 41(487), 453-460.

Ritter, W.E. (1907, August). Abstract of lectures. Evolution: An historical, critical and constructive treatment (pp. 1-6). San Diego: Frye and Smith.

Ritter, W.E. (1907, September 20). Marine Biological Association of San Diego. Science, 26, 386-388.

Ritter, W.E. (1907, December). Bird beauty and perfection. California, 5(1), 9.

Ritter, W.E. (1907). The Ascidians collected by the United States Fisheries Bureau Steamer ‘Albatross’ on the coast of California during the summer of 1904. University of California Publications in Zoology, 4(1), 1-52.



Ritter, W.E. (1908). Concerning biological reconnaissance of Bodega Bay. Carnegie Institution Publications, I(87).

Ritter, W.E. (1908, July). Recent literature on the Enteropneusta. The American Naturalist, 42(501), 622-628.

Ritter, W.E. (1908, September 11). The scientific work of the San Diego Marine Biological Station during the year 1908. Science, 28(715), 324-333.

Ritter, W.E. & Bailey, S.E. (1908, October). On the weight of developing eggs. University of California Publications in Zoology, 6(1), 1-10.

Ritter, W.E. (1908, November). Mr. Rockwell’s suggestion of cooperation in ornithological studies. The Condor.



Ritter, W.E. (1909, March). Life from a biologist’s standpoint. Popular Science Monthly, 75, 174-190.

Ritter, W.E. (1909, March 19). Conditions of life in the sea. Science New Series, 29(742), 461-463.

Ritter, W.E. (1909, August). Quantity and adaptation of the deep-sea Ascidian fauna. Proceedings, 7th International Zoological Congress, Boston.

Ritter, W.E. (1909, September 17). The hypothesis of “presence and absence” in Mendelian inheritance. Science, 30(768), 367-368.

Ritter, W.E. (1909, November). Papers from the Tortugas Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. The American Naturalist, 43(515), 693-702.

Ritter, W.E. (1909, November). “Halocynthia johnsoni n. sp.” A comprehensive inquiry as to the extent of law and order that prevails in a single animal species. University of California Publications in Zoology, 6(4), 65-114.



Ritter, W.E. (1910, January). The Marine Biological Station of San Diego. A sketch of its history and purposes. San Diego: Frye and Smith.

Ritter, W.E. (1910, March). Darwin’s probable place in future biology. Popular Science Monthly, 76, 32-48.

Ritter, W.E. (1910, April 8). Hubrecht on ‘Die Säugetierontogenese’. Science New Series, 31(797), 542-543.

Ritter, W.E. (1910, May). Open mindedness toward nature. The Pacific Unitarian, 200.



Ritter, W.E. (1911, March 24). The controversy between materialism and vitalism: Can it be ended? Science, 33(847), 437-441.

Ritter, W.E. (1911). Feeling in the interpretation of nature. Popular Science Monthly, 79, 126-136.

Ritter, W.E. (1911, June). The growth and differentiation of the chain of Cyclosalpa affnis ‘Chamisso.’ Journal of Morphology, 22(2), 395-444.

Ritter, W.E. (1911, October 13). Work at the marine biological station of San Diego during the summer of 1911. Science, 34(876), 480-483.



Ritter, W.E. (1912, January 11). Public duties of research institutions in pure science. Nature, 355.

Ritter, W.E. (1912, February 16). Professor Jennings as a biological philosopher. Science, 35(894), 267-269.

Ritter, W.E. (1912, March). The duties to the public of research in pure science. Popular Science Monthly, 80, 51-57.

Ritter, W.E. (1912, March 9). The Marine Biological Station of San Diego: its history, present conditions, achievements, and aims. University of California Publications in Zoology, 9(4), 137-248.

Ritter, W.E. (1912, October). Patten of the origin of vertebrates and the general value of speculations on the phylogeny of organic beings. American Naturalists, 46(550), 623.

Ritter, W.E. (1912, November). Scripps Institution for biological research. University of California Bulletin, 6(5), 146-151.

Ritter, W.E. (1912). Quantity and adaptation of the deep-sea Ascidian fauna. Proceedings of the Seventh International Zoolological Congress (pp. 949-955). Cambridge, Massachusetts.



Ritter, W.E. (1913, March 21). Review of Alder and Hancock’s “The British Tunicata.” Science, New Series, 37, 451-453.

Ritter, W.E. (1913). The simple Ascidians from the north-eastern pacific in the collection of the United States National Museum. Proceedings United States National Museum, 45, 427-505.

Ritter, W.E. (1913). Scripps Institution for biological research. Annual Report of the President of the University 1912-1913, 113-123.



Ritter, W.E. (1914, March). The world versus matter. Popular Science, 84, 271-283.



Ritter, W.E. (1915). The High School issue. Educational Administration and Supervision, 3(1), 35-36.

Ritter, W.E. (1915). Scripps Institution for biological research. Annual Report of the President of the University of California, 1914-1915.

Ritter, W.E. (1915). Superfluous printed matter. Bulletin, California Library Association.

Ritter, W.E. (1915). War, Science and Civilization. Boston: Sherman, French and Company.

Ritter, W.E. (1915, March). The biological laboratories of the Pacific Coast. Science Monthly.

Ritter, W.E. (1915, August 20). The attitude of the state of California toward scientific research. Science, 42(1077), 245-246.



Ritter, W.E. (1916, August 25). The culture value of science. Science, 44(1130), 261-264.

Ritter, W.E. (1916, November 3). Science in the service of the nation. Science, 44(1140), 640-641.

Ritter, W.E. (1916, November). The place of description, definition, and classification in philosophical biology. The Scientific Monthly, 3(5), 455-470.

Ritter, W.E. (1916, December 8). A business man’s appraisement of biology. Science, 44(1145), 819-822.

Ritter, W.E. (1916, December 30). What the Scripps Institution is trying to do. Bulletin no.1 Scripps Institution of Biological Research, 19-24.



Ritter, W.E. (1917, January 1). ‘Know thyself’ interpreted by Socrates, Shakespeare, W. Harvey and modern men. University of Texas Memorial Volume to Shakespeare and Harvey, (1701), 1-8.

Rittter, W.E. (1917, August). Science and an organized civilization. The Scientific Monthly, 5(2), 135-145.

Ritter, W.E. (1917, October). ‘Back to nature’ scientifically as well as emotionally. The American Museum Journal, 17(6), 403-406.

Ritter, W.E. (1917). Biology’s contribution to a system of morals that would be adequate for modern civilization. Bulletin of the Scripps Institution for Biological Research of the University of California, 2, 1-8.



Ritter, W.E. (1918). The higher usefulness of science and other essays. Boston: Richard G. Badger.

Ritter, W.E. (1918). Scripps Institution for Biological Research. Annual Report of the University of California 1917-1918, 1-8.

Ritter, W.E. (1918, March). Population and territory. Monthly Bulletin, Society to Eliminate Economic Causes of War, 2(8), 1-7.

Ritter, W.E. (1918, March 15). The resources of the North Pacific Ocean: their extent, utilization and conservation. Bulletin No. 5 Scripps Institution, 1-20.

Ritter, W.E. (1918, July 12). The Mexican Agriculture Commission. Science, 48(1228), 37.

Ritter, W.E. & Forsyth, R.A. (1918, August 17). Ascidians of the littoral zone of Southern California. University of California Publications in Zoology, 16(24), 439-512.

Ritter, W.E. & McEwen, G.F. (1918, November). Ocean temperatures and seasonal weather in Southern California. Monthly Weather Review, 46, 512.



Ritter, W.E. (1919). An organismal theory of consciousness. Boston: Richard G. Badger.

Ritter, W.E. (1919). Scripps Institution for Biological Research. Annual Report of the University of California 1918-1919, 1-15.

Ritter, W.E. (1919). The unity of the organism or The organismal conception of life. Boston: Richard G. Badger.

Ritter, W.E. (1919, June). The problems of the Pacific. Bulletin No. 8 Scripps Institution, 1-8.

Ritter, W.E. (1919, August 8). Problems of population of the North Pacific area as dependent upon the biology, the oceanography, and the meteorology of the area. Science, 50(1284), 119-125.

Ritter, W.E. (1919, December). A step forward in the methodology of natural science. Proceedings American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 55(2), 91-94.



Ritter, W.E. (1920). Scripps Institution for Biological Research. Announcement of Graduate Division.

Ritter, W.E. (1920, September 1). A pact for the Pacific. The Survey, 680.

Ritter, W.E. (1920). Scripps Institution for Biological Research. Annual Report of the University of California 1919-1920, 161-169.



Ritter, W.E. (1921). Scripps Institution for Biological Research. Annual Report of the University of California 1920-1921, 183-188.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, January). Acorn-storing by the California woodpecker. The Condor, 23, 3-14.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, January). Ellis L. Michael and his scientific work. Ecology, 2(1), 70-72.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, May 20). The rattling of rattlesnakes. Copeia, (94), 29-31.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, May). Science for the millions. Scientific American Monthly.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, August 18). The need of a new English word to express relation in living nature: Part 1. The Journal of Philosophy, 18(17), 449-459.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, September 1). The need of a new English word to express relation in living nature: Part 2. The Journal of Philosophy, 18(18), 480-497.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, October). Scientific idealism. The Scientific Monthly, 13(4), 328-341.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, October 27). To the editors of the Journal of Philosophy. The Journal of Philosophy, 18, 614.

Ritter, W.E. (1921, December). Problems of population in the Pacific area. Science Service and Engineering Foundation.



Ritter, W.E. (1922). Scripps Institution for Biological Research. Annual Report of the University of California 1921-1922, 189-195.

Ritter, W.E. (1922, April 22). Osborn vs. Bateson on evolution. Science, 55(1424), 398-399.

Ritter, W.E. (1922, July-August). Further observations on the activities of the California woodpecker. The Condor, 24(4), 109-111.

Ritter, W.E. (1922, May 1). The usefulness and the peril of the Laboratory of Method in Biology. Washington Herald.

Ritter, W.E. (1922, May11). The word integration and a few remarks on the paleontology of words. The Journal of Philosophy, 19(10), 266-270.



Ritter, W.E. (1923, January). The religion of the naturalist. The Open Court, 37, 30-36.

Ritter, W.E. (1923, April 16). The lessons of the zoo. Daily Science News Bulletin, (108A).

Ritter, W.E. (1923, May). The Pacific Ocean and its life. Transactions of the Commonwealth Club of San Francisco, 18, 120-124.

Ritter, W.E. (1923, May18). As to the causes of evolution. Science, 57(1481), 583-585.

Ritter, W.E. (1923, July 20). A proposed American Institute of Oceanography. Science, 58, 44.

Ritter, W.E. (1923, November 13). Some reflections on the future of Fiji. A scientific suggestion. The Fiji Times and Herald.

Ritter, W.E. (1923). Why teach science at all? Journal of the National Education Association of the United States, 12, 854-856.



Ritter, W.E. (1924). The method of science. In S. Mathew (Ed.), Contributions of science to religion (chapter 2). New York: D. Appleton and Company.

Ritter, W.E. (1924, March 28). The Australian meeting of the Pan-Pacific Congress. Science, 59(1526), 285-288.

Ritter, W.E. (1924, September 5). What is the larger meaning of the vitamine type of action? Science, 60(1549), 214-215.

Ritter, W.E. (1924, December 6). The move to prevent the teaching of evolution in the public schools of California. School an Society, 20, 729-731.



Ritter, W.E. (1925, August). The emotions in man and animals. The Scientific Monthly, 21(2), 137-138.

Ritter, W.E. (1925, August). Evidences of evolution. The Scientific Monthly, 21(2), 135-149.

Ritter, W.E. (1925, December 19). Human personality and biochemistry. Nature, 116(2929), 898-899.



Ritter, W.E. (1926, February 5). Eldridge’s ‘Organization of Life’. Science, 53, 163-168.

Ritter, W.E. (1926, March 15). E.W. Scripps. Science News Bulletin, (260A), 6.

Ritter, W.E. (1926, March 20). Intelligent living. Editor and Publisher, 58(43), 48.

Ritter, W.E. (1926, April 29). Science service as one expression of E.W. Scripps philosophy of life. Presented to the Board of Trustees of Science Service at their annual meeting.

Ritter, W.E. (1926, May 15). E.W. Scripps’ views of science and religion told by Ritter. Editor and Publisher, 18.

Ritter, W.E. (1926). A sketch of the founding and structure of Science Service. Science Service, 24-31.



Ritter, W.E. (1927, March 25). The relation of E.W. Scripps to science. Science, 65(1682), 291-292.

Ritter, W.E. (1927, October). Mistakes of animals important to evolution. The Guide to Nature, 20, 86.

Ritter, W.E. & Bailey, E.W. (1927). The natural history of our conduct. New York: Brace & Company, Inc.

Ritter, W.E. & Bailey, E.W. (1927). The organismal conception: Its place in science and its bearing on philosophy. University of California Publications in Zoology, 31(14), 307-358.



Ritter, W.E. (1928, March 16). Science and the newspapers. Science, 67(1733), 279-286.



Ritter, W.E. (1929, July 27). Humidity and song of the Western Meadow Lark. Science, 84.

Ritter, W.E. (1928, October 19). Calvin Olin Esterly. Science, 68(1764), 369-370.

Ritter, W.E. (1929, April 19). Is life quantity. Science, 69(1790), 425-427.

Ritter, W.E. (1929, July). An untitled field for a revised kind of research in Zoology. The Condor, 31, 160-161.

Ritter, W.E. (1929, September). Individual and person. The American Journal of Sociology, 35(2), 271-274.

Ritter, W.E. & Bailey, E.W. (1929, November 7). The problem of names as illustrated by the word ‘light’. The Journal of Philosophy, 26(23), 617-626.

Ritter, W.E. (1929, December 29). The nutritial activities of the California woodpecker (Balanosphyra formiscivora). The Quarterly Review of Biology, 4(4), 455-483.



Ritter, W.E. (1930, June 30). Correlation of field with laboratory researches in marine biology. Bulletin 16 Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1-11.

Ritter, W.E. (1930, September). Activities of the California woodpecker. The Scientific Monthly, 31(3), 253-257.

Ritter, W.E. (1930, November). Science and philosophy. Nature, 757.

Ritter, W.E. (1930, December). Is man a rational animal? Human Biology, 457-472.



Ritter, W.E. (1931, January 1). Science and philosophy. Journal of Philosophy, 28(1), 5-14.



Ritter, W.E. (1932, December). Why Aristotle invented the word Entelecheia. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 7(4), 377-404.



Ritter, W.E. (1933, February). Natural versus supernatural, or a man as a unified whole and as a part of nature as a unified whole. Hosmer Chapter of the Layman’s League, First Unitarian Church, Berkeley California.

Ritter, W.E. (1933, July 2). Historical and contemporary relationships of the physical and biological sciences. Second International Congress on the History of Science, 3rd session.

Ritter, W.E. (1933, October-December). A critical summary of the papers presented at this session. Archeion, 14(4), 497-502.



Ritter, W.E. (1934, March). Why Aristotle invented the word Entelecheia, continued. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 9(1), 1-35.

Ritter, W.E. & Benson, S.B. (1934, April). Is the poor bird demented? Another case of shadow boxing. The Auk, 51(2), 169-179.

Ritter, W.E. (1934, May15). Human nature and the New Deal. The Commonwealth, 10(20), 89.

Ritter, W.E. (1934, June). Analysis, synthesis and the use of Greek words in natural knowledge. Science Service.

Ritter, W.E. (1934, November 1). Life. The Christian Register, 661.



Ritter, W.E. (1936, July 24). The name, “Scripps Institution of Oceanography.” Science, 84(2169), 83.



Ritter, W.E. (1937, March). A question about Darwin. California Monthly.

Ritter, W.E. (1937, August 28). Belief in the miraculous still has a large place. Science Newsletter, 32, 141-142.

Ritter, W.E. (1937, October 7). Darwin and the Golden Rule. The Christian Register, 580.

Ritter, W.E. (1937, December 16). Morals and Darwin again. The Christian Register.

Ritter, W.E. (1937, December). Mutually interpretative relations between human and avian natural history. The Scientific Monthly, 45(6), 524-534.



Ritter, W.E. (1938). The California woodpecker and I: a study in comparative zoology. University of California Press.

Ritter, W.E. (1938, March). Robert P. Scripps. Science News Letter.

Ritter, W.E. (1938, July 15). Dr. Fred Baker. Science, 88, 48-49.

Ritter, W.E. (1938, July-August). Mechanical ideas in the last hundred years of biology. The American Naturalist, 72(741), 323.



Ritter, W.E. (1939, July 28). Joseph Grinnell. Science, 90(2326), 75-76.

Ritter, W.E. (1939, September 30). Can civilization survive another World War? Science News Letter.



Ritter, W.E. (1940, August 23). An experience of general anesthesia. Science, 92(2382), 172-173.

Ritter, W.E. (1940, September-October). A few words about nature. American Naturalist, 74, 386-388.



Ritter, W.E. (1941, September). Reason, emotion, morals and religion in the Darwinian theory of evolution. In Science, Philosophy and Religion, a Symposium. New York: Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion.



Ritter, W.E. (1942, January 16). Evolution and knowledge. Science, 95(2455), 58-61.



Ritter, W.E. (1944, April). Logic in our common knowledge or logic in the light of common sense, common knowledge, and common understanding. Philosophy of Science, 11(2), 59-81.



Ritter, W.E. & Bailey, E.W. (1954). Charles Darwin and the Golden Rule. (published posthumously)




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